Garon-Carrier G. (2019). Defining and measuring the quality of Early Learning and Child Care : A littérature review. 34. Emploi et Développement Social Canada.
Compiling more than 30 years of research, the evidence has made it clear that there is a positive relationship between early learning and child care (ELCC) experiences and children’s development. However, the beneficial effect of child care on child development cannot only be explained by whether or not children attend child care; it is rather the specific characteristics of child care settings that foster or hinder child development. To date, the quality of the ELCC has been the most recognized and consistent determining factor on child outcomes. Unfortunately, ELCC quality has received minimal attention in the Canadian landscape. As a first step in achieving high-quality ELCC, this literature review aims to inform policy and practice by providing a definition of quality, and how it is measured in the ELCC context. The analysis will help lay the foundation to develop common and consistent quality indicators of ELCC services in partnership with provinces and territories.