Education for students with neurodevelopmental disabilities—Resources and educational adjustments
Nadeau MF, Massé L, Argumedes M, Verret C. (2020). Education for students with neurodevelopmental disabilities—Resources and educational adjustments. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology. 174: 369-378
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders are more likely to face challenges of various kinds throughout their schooling due to their vulnerability factors. Although certain evidence-based practices have been recognized to be effective in supporting academic performance or social and personal adjustment, transferring these practices to school realities remains a challenge. Indeed, the educational trend favored for more than 20 years promotes the development of all students in the most natural context possible. The objective of this chapter is to shed light on how resources and EBPs can be organized in an inclusive education context. A tiered framework, commonly adopted as different models across the world, is presented and used to demonstrate how interventions can be prioritized for the difficulties and special needs of specific (e.g., ADHD, dyslexia, and developmental coordination disorder) and complex (e.g., autism spectrum disorder) neurodevelopmental disorders. The chapter ends with a discussion of the conditions and drivers of intervention fidelity and effectiveness in an inclusive context and, more specifically, support for teachers and parents.