La sécurité d’attachement durant la deuxième année de vie en tant que facteur prédictif des habiletés sociales en milieu scolaire
*Girard M-E, Lemelin J-P, Provost MA, Tarabulsy GM. (2013). La sécurité d’attachement durant la deuxième année de vie en tant que facteur prédictif des habiletés sociales en milieu scolaire. Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. 45(4): 329-340.
The aim of the current study is to examine the link between attachment security in infancy and social skills at the start of primary school. More specifically, the study aims to verify if this relationship varies as a function of 1- the level of psychosocial risk infants are exposed to and 2- the measure used to assess attachment security. The sample is composed of 89 mother-infant dyads, divided into two different subgroups: 38 adult mother-infant dyads and 51 adolescent mother-infant dyads. Two measures are used to assess infant attachment security: the Attachment Q-Sort (AQS; Waters, 1995) at 15 and 18 months and the Strange Situation (SS; Ainsworth et al., 1978) at 15 months. Social skills are assessed with the Social Skills Rating System—teacher version (Gresham & Elliott, 1990) when children are approximately 7 years-old. Results first show that attachment security is predictive of some (i.e., externalizing problems and self-control), but not all, later social skills. More importantly, the AQS is more predictive of later social skills than the SS. Finally, the level of psychosocial risk does not moderate the relation between attachment security and later social skills.