Longitudinal and concurrent pathways to alcoholism: The importance of perception of neighborhood
Martin-Storey A, Ruttle PL, Temcheff CE, Serbin LA, Stack D, Schwartzman AE, Ledingham JE. (2013). Longitudinal and concurrent pathways to alcoholism: The importance of perception of neighborhood disorder. Journal of Community Psychology. 41(2): 156–174.
Neighborhood-level and individual-level variables from childhood and adulthood were examined in relation to alcoholism in adulthood. In 1976–1978, children from working-class neighborhood schools in Montreal, Canada participated in a study examining the outcomes of childhood behaviors. At this time, peer nominations of childhood aggression were collected. In 1999–2003, these participants were contacted during mid-adulthood (N = 676) and asked to complete measures of perception of neighborhood disorder as well as a structured clinical interview assessing their lifetime history of alcoholism. Measures of participants’ neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) from adolescence and adulthood were retrieved from Canadian census tract data and included in the model. Findings supported an association between neighborhood disorder and alcoholism, such that perceived disorder mediated the association between census-based assessments of neighborhood SES and alcoholism, but not when examined within a larger model. These findings supported the importance of the individual’s interpretation of their environment in relation to alcoholism.